How to Improve Indoor Air Quality

For any organization, a healthy internal environment is vital, and to achieve this, organizations need to invest in maintaining good air quality across every department. As a business owner, you’d agree to the fact that indoor environment leads to better productivity, and requires consistent efforts to maintain and sustain it. 


Another reality is, you cannot do it on your own due to variety of business management activities. It is better to let the facilities management professionals handle this task. Otherwise, due to improper management of the premises, you have to deal with several different issues in future, such as:


•    Complaints regarding sick building syndrome
•    Tenant health complaints (nausea, allergic reactions, chronic fatigue, respiratory problems)
•    Lost worker productivity, and many more

Elements of Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)

There are three basic elements responsible for good air quality. Each has been described below:


1. Acceptable Indoor Temperature and Relative Humidity
A facilities manager (see responsibilities) knows that IAQ is largely affected by temperature and humidity. You will always get complaints pertaining with thermal comfort, and it directly affects air quality. Indoor temperature and relative humidity affect the internal contaminant levels of the company. If the relative humidity is above 60%, there are chances of bacterial and fungal growth.  


2. Controlled Airborne Contaminants
Organizations do face serious indoor air pollution issues and common contaminants include, smoke, dust, Carbon dioxide and odors. Then there are biological contaminants, such as bacteria and mold. The indoor air of your company may contain some or all of the following:
•    Tobacco smoke
•    Offensive smell from people, equipment and solvents
•    Gaseous emission from furniture, fabric and adhesives


If there’s a construction going just outside your office, or your own office is being refurnished, make sure every member of your office staff wears breathing mask. The reason is, materials used for construction and furnishing release gases that may produce dangerous pollutants. 


3. Adequate Air Ventilation
Distribution of air is very important for controlling the indoor air quality. Ventilation helps dilute polluted air indoors with the fresh air from the outdoors. Most property management professionals agree that you can reduce major IAQ issues with adequate air ventilation. If HVAC systems installed in your office building are improperly balanced, no matter how good the ventilation is, there will be stagnant areas in the building. To tackle this issue, you need proper air filtration.

Tips To Improve IAQ
Here are some tips offered by facilities management companies:
1. Internal temperature and humidity should be well maintained, so that you can maintain thermal comfort and prevent bacteria and fungi growth
2. Keep all the systems clean and dry. In this way, you can reduce extra humidity and get away with biological contaminants. 
3. Keep all the ducts and slope drain pans clean to avoid pollutants
4. HVAC systems should be properly balanced so that there shouldn’t be any stagnant areas inside the building. 
5. Use sprays and air fresheners during low traffic hours to keep the indoor space clean and fresh.
You can always consult a professional and experienced property management company in Singapore to maintain IAQ of your premises and office building.